Industry Articles From Kaempf and Harris

Sheet Metal Fabrication Glossary: A to W


Sheet metal fabrication can be a hard concept to grasp because there are many different processes and tools necessary to complete a project. To help you better understand what sheet metal fabrication is, which processes are used and which tools are necessary to get the job done, here is Kaempf & Harris’ quick glossary to basic sheet metal fabrication terms:

Download the Introduction to Sheet Metal Fabrication

ASHRAE: An acronym for the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers

Assembling: A process done by welding, binding with adhesives and bending in the form of a crimped seam

Band saws: A tool that has special hardened blades that are capable of feeding sheet metal to ensure even cutting

Base metal: The metal to be welded or cut

Bending: A process done by hammering or via press brakes

Blanking: A part is cut out of the sheet metal, and the material around the part is discarded

CAD design: An acronym for computer-aided design

Chop saws: A tool that has an abrasive disk specifically designed for cutting sheet metal

CNC cutters: An acronym for computer numerical computer cutters; the automation of machine tools that are operated by precisely programmed commands encoded on a computer instead of operated manually by hand wheels or levers

Cutting: A process done by sawing, shearing, or chiseling with manual and power tools, or torching with hand-held plasma torches using CNC cutters like lasers

Cutting torches: A tool that is capable of cutting large sections of sheet metal with little effort

Die cutting: A process that cuts metal pieces without the formation of chips or the use of burning or melting; also known as shearing

Fab shops: An abbreviation for fabrication shops

Hydraulic breaks: A tool that simplifies the fabrication process by creating bends at predetermined angles

Hydroforming: A forming and fabricating process that uses a specialized type of die molding that utilizes highly pressurized fluid to shape metals like steel, stainless steel, copper, aluminum and brass

Metal punching: When metal fabrication equipment punches holes, louvers or a predetermined shape out of sheet metal

Milling: The process of using rotary cutters to remove material from a metal piece advancing in a direction at an angle with the axis of a tool

Oxy-acetylene torch: A tool used to straighten significantly warped steel in a slow, linear fashion

Press brake: A tool for bending sheet and plate metal

Roll forming: A constant bending process in which sheet metal, coil, bar or strips of metal pass through rolls that form the metal

Sheet metal fabrication: The process of cutting, shearing, rolling, bending and punching sheet metal to fabricate parts and pieces

SMACNA: An acronym for the Sheet Metal & Air Conditioning Contractors National Association

Stamping: A high production process in which single or multiple punches, bends and embossing are performed at one time or in a progressive die

Welding: The main focus of sheet metal fabrication; a process of using a blow torch or electric arc to join together two or more metal pieces or parts by heating the surfaces of the parts to the point of melting then uniting them by pressing, hammering or other techniques

Sheet metal fabrication is comprised of many tools, processes and professionals to create many types of final projects. Kaempf & Harris does everything from designing custom laboratory hoods to installing ductwork for manufacturing plants using a variety of tools and processes like the terms mentioned above.

Download the Cheat Sheet to Metal Fabrication Techniques

Topics: Welding, Sheet Metal Fabrication

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Download K&H's Metal Fabrication Techniques Cheat Sheet

Download K&H's Metal Fabrication Techniques Cheat Sheet

Download Kaempf & Harris' Metal Fabrication Techniques Cheat Sheet to learn about each metal fabrication technique.

Download the Cheat Sheet